Base chemicals are the most fundamental chemicals used as the starting materials. They are further processed to yield products like coatings, medicines, adhesives, and more. We at Total manufacture base chemicals that are reliable, cost-effective, and environmentally responsible.
The Polyethylene that we offer is one of the best in the industry in terms of quality. We are dedicated to a process that ensures that our customers receive a top-quality product.
The Polypropylene that we offer is of high quality that can be used for an extremely wide range of applications.
Polystyrene is a versatile plastic used to make a wide range of products, including appliances, electronics, equipment, and more. We know the importance of quality Polystyrene; therefore, we offer high-quality, long-lasting, and cost-effective products.
Our Responsibilities As A Manufacturer!
As an international energy provider and chemicals producer, Total is directly concerned by major global economic, human resources and environmental issues. Total is committed to tangible objectives as part of its corporate social responsibility process, whose procedures, practices and performance are clearly defined and disclosed.
Petrochemicals are substances or chemicals derived from petroleum and natural gas, used for different chemical purposes. These chemicals can also be derived from renewable energy sources like sugarcane, corn, and other types of biomasses.
The production of petrochemicals depends on processing the chemicals at different phases, which include products like propylene, benzene, ethylene, and monomers for synthetic rubbers and carbon. First, they undergo second-level processing, generally derived from crude oil.
Therefore, crude oil is one of the essential production components after a multi-refinery process. The other by-products of this multi-step refining process include fuel oil, kerosene, paraffin wax, diesel, gasoline, gas, and liquefied petroleum.
Since these chemicals are based on non-renewable rouses of energy, they can be depleted in the upcoming years, leaving no resources for future generations.
Petrochemicals in the automobile industry
With the increased electrification of vehicles in recent years, the demand for petrochemicals in cars will be reduced significantly. Therefore, the government, in recent times, is taking necessary steps to enhance the production of vehicles that increase fuel efficiency by reducing the secretion of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere.
The government of Saudi is taking the necessary steps to decrease its dependency on crude oil by pushing for a more significant presence in the downstream industries. The IMO (International Maritime Organization) has also produced a derivate for bunker fuel with reduced sulfur content.
This means marine vehicles will run on alternative fuels with less sulfur content. As a result of this initiative, diesel prices have increased and caused a decrease in gasoline prices. It has also triggered the cascading effect of petrochemical supply in the market.
Production of C4 chemicals and aromatics
The demand for synthetic chemicals like propylene and ethylene has increased significantly over the last ten years, and many oil and gas players have tried to keep up with this mark. However, this increase in demand has hit an overall impact on the global production of petrochemicals. To keep up with this growing speed, the governments of various countries have shifted to introducing volatility in chemical prices.
They have also taken necessary measures to switch to lighter chemical stocks, drastically impacting the production of many aromatics like benzene, butadiene, paraxylene, and other C4 chemicals.
The upcoming recession years and the alternative switch to organic production might decrease the demand for petrochemicals, thus lowering the need for petrochemicals and leaving a surplus of many base chemicals.
As many companies are grappling to maintain capital allocations and maintain margin costs, the construction of new petrochemical costs might get delayed, and some under construction may even get scrapped.
As crude oil prices are predicted to remain low in the future petrochemicals, the margin gap between the productions of base chemicals might be significantly affected.
Petrochemicals are chemical products or hydrocarbons derived from crude oil through the process of refining. Some of these chemicals can also be derived from other non-renewable sources, such as coal or natural gas. Olefins and Aromatics are two of the most common petrochemical classes used in the world today. Methanol is another class of petrochemicals; they are not as common as the other two. Petrochemicals are primarily employed in industries such as Cosmetics, Electronics, Packaging, and Textiles. Petrochemicals are the backbone of several such industries, where they are required for various applications and products essential for comfortable daily lives. You can find these chemicals in a range of products – from headlamps in vehicles to lenses in lab devices.
Advantages and Uses:
Petrochemicals are widely regarded as plastics, something harmful and dangerous to be eliminated from daily human lives. However, the use of petrochemicals is too widespread to be eliminated quickly as most products we use now have plastic components in them. They are used as preservatives in the food and food packaging, which helps prolong the freshness of the produce. They are commonly used in household cleaning products, manufacturing rubber for weather-resistant shoes, and synthetic fibers. One of the practical uses of petrochemicals is in paints and adhesives. Petrochemicals are also used in the agriculture industry to manufacture pesticides and fertilizers. Moreover, petrochemicals are also used in Manufacturing, Medical, Transportation, and Textile industries. In the manufacturing industry, petrochemicals are used for making electric vehicle parts and batteries and in renewable energy sources like Solar and Wind Energy. Petrochemicals are found in daily-use household items such as perfumes, makeup products, aftershaves, and shampoos, to name a few. Methanol is used for thermal insulation and building construction. Petrochemical ethylene is used in the photography industry and for manufacturing garbage bags.
Despite their widespread use, it is evident that petrochemicals come with disadvantages. The concerns surrounding petrochemicals mainly circle around the sheer volume of plastic that is being discarded on a daily basis. These chemicals stay intact for a long time, and getting rid of them is not easy. One of the major disadvantages of petrochemicals is their exposure and absorption into living beings. Petrochemicals are known for breaking down into smaller bits called nurdles, which are capable of absorbing toxic chemicals. The nurdles are easily ingested through food, which harms the living being. The manufacturing process of petrochemicals inadvertently pollutes the air, water, and soil around the area surrounding the factories. It also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions in the environment. The hazardous effects of exposure to petrochemicals may cause living beings to accumulate these chemicals in their bodies, leading to the brain, nervous system, and liver damage. They might also cause birth defects and hormonal disorders. These hazardous chemicals may also cause skin allergy or asthma in some people. Petrochemicals are one of the significant reasons for cancer in human beings.
Polypropylene, also called polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer produced from monomer propylene. The material has good heat and wears resistance properties, making it a common material for manufacturing utensils, toys, sportswear, etc. They are highly resistant to wear and damage; therefore, they are also used in the Medical Industry for the manufacturing of lab equipment. Polypropylene plastic is also characterized by strong chemical resistance and weldability due to its packed crystalline structure, making it suitable for many applications in the Automobile and Electrical Industries. Compared to other kinds of plastic on the market, PP Plastic has high melting points, which makes it suitable as a material for kitchen utensils and laboratory appliances. Another attractive property of PP Plastic that makes it a suitable manufacturing material is its high tensile strength and fatigue resistance. Despite being lightweight, Polypropylene is tough material capable of withstanding heavy loads. The material is highly flexible and less susceptible to breakage, which makes it an excellent choice for product packages.
Industries using PP plastic:
The chemical and physical properties of PP Plastic make it suitable for a wide variety of applications. It is heavily used in the Automobile, Fashion and Sports, Cosmetic, and Medical and Household industries. PP Plastic is used in car batteries, bumpers, and cladding in the Automobile Industry. You can also see them used in the food packaging and clothing industry. Because PP Plastic is superior in its properties yet tends to be cheaply and readily available, they are used in various product packaging and household products. Microwave containers, heat-resistant plates, water-resistant mats, and carpets are also made using polypropylene plastic. One of the attractive properties of PP plastic is its ability to adapt to various production processes. Out of the different manufacturing processes, Injection Molding is the most common method of production of PP Plastic. In Injection Molding, the molten plastic is injected into a mold to form the specific shape and size of the finished product.
Drawbacks of using PP plastic:
PP Plastic doesn’t come without any drawbacks. The chemical composition of Polypropylene makes it highly flammable and prone to UV degradation. In its purest forms, PP plastic is unsuitable to be left under prolonged sun exposure as it can damage and degrade the material. Polypropylene is also susceptible to damage by oxidation. These damages can shrink a finished product, which is not ideal for manufacturing carpeting and upholstery products. PP Plastic is generally considered safe for human use, but research has proven that certain chemicals may cause cancer. You can avoid the risks of ingesting these chemicals into your body by replacing PP plastic food storage and cooking products. These products can cause developmental delays, hormonal imbalances, and reproductive problems in growing adolescents and children. PP plastic is not an eco-friendly material due to the difficulties they pose during the recycling process. However, if you must use products made of PP Plastic, make sure to reuse them.